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Alexander R Vap, MD

Alexander R Vap, MD

out of 5
260 Ratings


Sports Medicine


Orthopaedic Surgery


Ambulatory Care Center

417 N. 11th Street
Richmond, VA 23219
Get Directions

Stony Point 9000

9000 Stony Point Parkway
Richmond, VA 23235
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Short Pump Pavilion

11958 West Broad Street
Henrico, VA 23233
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William & Mary

332 N. Henry St.
Williamsburg, VA 23185
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Medical School

Wake Forest University School of Medicine


Duke University School of Medicine


Duke University School of Medicine


Steadman Philippon Research Institute


Ulleval Hospital, Oslo Norway


Alexander R. Vap, M.D. specializes in knee, elbow and shoulder injuries in athletes and non-athletes.  

Dr. Vap does cartilage restoration and ACL and multi-ligament reconstructions for tears or injuries to the knee.  He also performs rotator cuff and labral repair in addition to shoulder replacement.  He does reconstruction of the UCL of the elbow with the “Tommy John” surgical procedure.

As part of the orthopedics team at VCU Health, Dr. Vap uses a multi-faceted approach to improve clinical outcomes, including surgical and/or non-surgical treatment.  

Dr. Vap has strong academic credentials.  After completing his orthopedic residency at Duke University, he was awarded a prestigious fellowship at the Steadman Philippon Research Institute in Vail, Colorado, where he gained experience in arthroscopic and open surgery of the knee and shoulder. He also learned cutting edge medical techniques for treating sports injuries at Ulleval Hospital in Oslo, Norway, where he trained under the world-renowned knee surgeon, Lars Engebretsen, M.D.

An assistant professor at VCU, Dr. Vap explains that research remains a big part of his sports medicine practice.  “I like looking at clinical outcomes to evaluate how successful the surgeries are, and I develop new surgical approaches for unique and challenging cases that might not have been seen before,” he says.

Following up on this interest, he has written, or co-written dozens of articles published in medical journals on such topics as the treatment of torn hamstrings and rotator cuffs and injured Achilles tendons.

With patients of all ages and a wide range of sports injuries to treat, Dr. Vap points out that each patient is unique. “It’s important to recognize that and face each new patient with a clean sheet and treat them accordingly.”

Dr. Vap takes the time to explain to his patients, not only the scope of their injuries, but also the challenges they face and a plan of action for their recovery.

“At VCU Health, we are building a nationally recognized referral center for sports medicine, surgery and research.  We want VCU Health to be recognized in Virginia for its excellence and for its willingness to treat both athletes and non-athletes, who have sustained significant injuries”

Advice to patients: “There are a lot of options to help you, and not all of them require surgery.  With some time and patience, things often will get better.”

Professional affiliations:

  • The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • Arthroscopy Association of North America
  • Piedmont Orthopaedic Society
  • Editor for Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery

Professional activity/team coverage: 

  • Team Physician Virginia Commonwealth University Athletics
  • Team Physician Virginia Union University Athletics
  • Team Physician Virginia State University Athletics
  • Team Physician Richard Bland College Athletics
  • Team Physician Maggie Walker High School
  • Team Physician Longwood University Athletics
  • Team Physician VCU Club sports
  • Richmond Flying Squirrels
  • U.S. Ski and Snowboard Team Physician: 2015
  • Team Physician Duke Men’s Basketball: 2013-2015
  • Team Physician Duke Football: 2013-2014
  • Team Physician Duke Men’s and Women’s Lacrosse: 2011-2013
  • Team Physician Duke Men’s Soccer: 2011-2013
  • Team Physician Duke Women’s Field Hockey: 2011-2012
  • Team Physician Duke Women’s Basketball: 2012-2013
  • Team Physician North Carolina Central University Football, Men’s and Women’s Basketball: 2011-2013

For a list of publications, please visit PubMed.

Clinical Interests

Orthopaedic surgery
Complex sports medicine of the knee and shoulder
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Multiligament knee reconstruction
Meniscal repair
Patellar instability
Articular cartilage preservation and restoration
Femoral and tibial osteotomy
Hamstring rupture repair
Shoulder instability
Rotator cuff tears
Longhead of the biceps tendon pathology
Arthritis of the shoulder
Sternoclavicular joint instability
Acromioclavicular joint reconstruction
Multidirectional shoulder instability in the adolescent population

Provider Videos

Ratings & Reviews

260 Ratings

Learn More About the Press Ganey Surveycompliance

Dr. Vap is the best!!!
February 2024
Dr. Vap is a brilliant doctor who is caring, SO knowledgeable & I felt confident with all that he did & say.
December 2023
Dr. Vap sat and listened to all of my questions and I didn't feel rushed by him.
November 2023
Dr. Vap spent approx 30 min with me on my first visit. He explained all my options related to my meniscus surgery. My surgery went as expected and so far my healing is going well.
November 2023
Dr. Vap is practically perfect in every way.
November 2023
Best specialist doctor I've ever seen
September 2023
[...] Dr Vap is an excellent surgeon, and I have recommended him to many people
August 2023
He is an excellent Dr, and person. I've referred him to many people.
April 2023
Dr. Vap and nurses explained my surgery and process very well before surgery and also checked on me after surgery. I have complete confidence in Dr. Vap's ability even with my complicated history. All my questions were answered completely.
April 2023
Excellent one on one; excellent explanations.
March 2023
Dr. Alexander Vap is an exceptional doctor and I am so luck y to have had him as my surgeon. As I told him he is my hero. He truly is the best!
February 2023
Dr. Vap is a caring and competent provider who listens and undertook fast treatment of my problem. [...] He is not only a talented surgeon but gifted physician.
February 2023
Dr. Vap's skill as a surgeon and care as a clinician are outstanding. After suffering with an undiagnosed, yet severe shoulder injury for [...] months, the reconstructive surgery Dr. Vap conducted and the follow-up care since that procedure in [...] has allowed me to resume normal daily activities without pain. I am forever grateful to him and his team.
January 2023
Dr. Vap is a great doctor/surgeon. He is a great communicator. I have great trust in him & his knowledge & skills. I would highly recommend him.
January 2023
Dr. Vap carefully showed me my X Ray, explained options and recommendations in an easy to understand manner. Very pleasant and professional.
January 2023
Dr. Vap improved my quality of life. I'm very grateful to him and his staff.
December 2022
Dr Vap explained in great detail all of my options for my injury. He was articulate and patient
December 2022
Very good patient care and interaction with the healthcare provider. [...]
December 2022
Dr Vap did a awesome job of explaining my condition in a way I was able to understand him. He was very confident and candid providing me ways of caring for my condition.
November 2022
As said before Dr. Vap is the very best there is. I could not be happier he is my doctor. I am very grateful for everything he has done for me.
November 2022
My [...] with Dr. Vap have always been nothing less than perfect. Dr. Vap applied all PG medical solutions in his patient care from lean in to listen and always speaking in an understanable manner. Perfect role model for PG!
October 2022
Very knowledgeable and an excellent surgeon, but he rushes and I don't feel like I have enough time to ask my questions and really discuss my treatment. I don't feel like I fully understand the course of treatment and recovery.
October 2022
After having difficulty getting my injury diagnosed correctly and treated properly, Dr. Vap is and continue to be a breath of fresh air.
September 2022
I feel 100% confident in Dr.Vap and actually already have recommended him to others. I feel very lucky to have him as my doctor.
July 2022
Dr. Vap took on a different repair of an injury 18 months old and has consistently followed up in the 5 months since. He is an excellent physician & surgeon!
July 2022
Already have recommended
June 2022
Dr Vap has always been clear and upfront about risks v benefits as well as realistic recovery time for my surgeries.
June 2022
Dr.Vap your the best doctor
June 2022
Dr. Vap is excellent.
March 2022
I was very impressed with Dr. Vap and his care team; they give great customer service in addition to great care.
February 2022
Dr. Vap is amazing. He has great bedside manners and is patient. He repaired our son's ACL, MCL & meniscus.
October 2021
Very personable, patient & listens to the patient.
October 2021
All of my care at VCU went beyond my expectations! The best hospital & clinic experience in my all my life!
September 2021
Dr. Vap seemed very confident. I felt like I was in good hands and he was taking care of business.
July 2021
Dr. Vap [...] is remarkable
June 2021
When a patient is going through what I have, and the fact that it takes several months to get back to "normal", I sometimes feel that I am not making the progress that I should. I like the fact that Dr. Vap is frank when explaining my progress through the healing process. He does take the time to reassure me that I am progressing as I should.
June 2021
Dr. Vap took great care to explain details in layman's terms then adjusted level when I told him my healthcare profession.
June 2021