For the latest COVID-19 information, visit vcuhealth.org/covid-19 or Children’s Hospital of Richmond at VCU for pediatrics. For vaccine details, visit vcuhealth.org/covidvaccine.

Group Created with Sketch.

Need help

Search VCU Health

0 Results
View Results

Understanding the Process

Human brains used for research purposes are obtained during an autopsy or postmortem examination. Ideally, an autopsy takes place soon after a patient has passed away. The procedure is very similar to exploratory surgery. An autopsy allows the pathologist to confirm diagnoses, assess how effective treatments were and to look for any undetected conditions. Tissue samples are taken for further, detailed analysis. If the family has requested tissue donation and research criteria have been met, brain tissue for donation is also removed at this time. If the family is interested only in diagnosis of a brain disease and donation of brain tissue, a "brain only" autopsy can be performed. This is a more limited procedure than a full autopsy.

Immediately following an autopsy, the body of the loved one is returned to the family for the funeral arrangements of their choice. An autopsy does not interfere with an open casket funeral or other traditional funeral arrangements. Transportation charges for the body to and from VCU Medical Center and the postmortem examination are covered for clients of the VCU Parkinson's and Movement Disorders Center. Funeral expenses remain the responsibility of the family.

A report of the autopsy findings will be sent to the next of kin or the client's personal physician. This information may help the family better understand the client's illness and could aid in the diagnosis and treatment of related family members. In cases where a definite diagnosis is only possible by postmortem examination of the brain, confirmation of the diagnosis adds valuable statistical data to what is known about how often the disease occurs.

The Family's Role

The client's family plays a key role in the final decision of whether or not to obtain an autopsy and donate tissue. Although the deceased may have wanted to donate her or his brain, the next of kin must give consent for the autopsy and brain donation to take place. This makes it very important that families and, if possible, the client discuss and preplan the decision for an autopsy. BTRF staff is available to provide support and any information requested.

If the decision is made to obtain an autopsy, the next step is to register for the program by contacting the BTRF Coordinator to initiate the registration process. An information packet and instructions will be sent. An autopsy will not be performed unless a valid consent is signed by the next of kin and a witness. Consent for an autopsy and/or tissue donation may be withdrawn at any time.


For questions or if you are interested in learning more about becoming a brain tissue donor, please e-mail us at PDCBTRF@vcuhealh.org or call (804) 828-9664.