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Facts and Statistics on Youth Violence

When not accounting for race, unintentional injury (57.6%) is the leading cause of death in youth ages 10 to 24 in the United States, with homicide coming in second (20.2%).* But for black youth, homicide (55.3%) continues to be the leading cause of death. In Richmond, we have seen a significant drop in homicide rates among youth ages 10 to 24. We have decreased from a high of 120.74 per 100,000 in 2003 to 34.79 per 100,000 in 2015.

The below chart compares homicides for youth ages 10 to 24 in 2015 across the United States as a whole*, Virginia* and then Richmond**.

U.S. 7.94 Virginia 7.65 Richmond 35.79


In Richmond, nearly all of the homicide victims aged 10 to 24 are black. This is unchanged from 2003 through 2015.

Table of Characteristics of Homicide Victims aged 10-24 years

Race specific homicide rate (10-24 years)

Source: VCU Clark-Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development

  • From 2004 through 2017 there has been a decrease in the rate of 10 to 24-year-olds visiting the VCU Medical Center Emergency Department with injuries. A high of 64.6 per 1,000 was reached in 2006, and a new low of 42.0 was achieved in 2017.
  • Intentional injury rates dropped by more than half in from 2004 to 2017 (9.8 in 2004 to 4.0 per 1,000 in 2017).

Rate of VCU ED Injury Visits 10 to 24 year olds


  • While the overall trend for intentional injuries and homicides is trending downwards, the numbers in Richmond are still significantly higher than state or national averages. The work of our Injury and Violence Prevention Programs continue to be vital.

*Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS™)

**Statistics from VCU’s Clark-Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development; Mascho, SM and Bishop, DL. April 2018. Trends in Homicide Among Youth in Richmond, Virginia, 2003-2015. Accessed May 31, 2019.